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Rachel, Samuel (* 1628.04.06 †  1691.12.13)
Rachel, Samuel (* 1628.04.06 † 1691.12.13)
CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Rachel, Samuel (* 1628.04.06 † 1691.12.13)

Basic Overview Data

Born
1628.04.06, Lunden
Died
1691.12.13, Friedrichstadt
Confession
Protestant, Lutheran
Institutional Affiliation
University of Helmstedt,
University of Kiel
Keyword Filters
Protestant, Lutheran
VIAF:
Important Family Relations:
Father, Moritz Rachel, Vicar
Kanonische URL:

Biography:

Forthcoming

Comment on main natural law works:

Forthcoming

Comment on profile’s conception of natural law:

Forthcoming

Academic Data

Studies

1637 - 1639, Primary education at Husum School
1639 - 1648 at Bordesholm Gymnasium
1648.04.12 - 1651, Philosophy, Theology, History and Jurisprudence at Rostock University [Theology: Caspar Mauritius, Michael Cobabus. Jurisprudence: Heinrich Schuckmann, Nicolaus Schütze, Heinrich Rahne and Joachim Snobel]
1651.02.06 - 1652, History and Jurisprudence at Jena University [Daniel Stahl]
1654.11.29 - 1656, Jurisprudence at Helmstedt University [Hermann Conring, Georg Calixtus, Christoph Schrader]

Academic Degree

1666.01.22, Doctor Juris at Kiel University

Academic Teaching

1665, Winter Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Bellii ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1666, Summer Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Bellii ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1666, Winter Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Bellii ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1667, Summer Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Bellii ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1667, Winter Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Bellii ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1668, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1668, Summer Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Bellii ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1669, Summer Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Bellii ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1670, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1671, Summer Semester: "Natural Law", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1671, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1672, Summer Semester: "Natural Law", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1673, Summer Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Bellii ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1674, Winter Semester: "Doctrines of Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1675, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1675, Winter Semester: "Natural Law, Ius Belli ac Pacis by Hugo Grotius, Elemental Jurisprudence", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1676, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1676, Summer Semester: "Universal Law", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law
1677, Summer Semester: "Universal Law", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Law

Professional Data

Career

1652 - 1652, Private Teacher at the House of Ranzau (For four months only)
1653 - 1654, Teacher (fourth) at Bordesholm 'Gelehrtenschule' (For one year only)
1654.04.xx - 1656, Private Teacher at the House of von Streithorst
1657 - 1658, Diplomatic Secretary at Johannes Schwatzkopf to Braunschweig
1658 - 1665, Ordinary professor in philosophy [Moral Philosophy] at Helmstedt University, Faculty of Philosophy
1665 - 1668, Ordinary professor in law [Ius Naturae et Gentium] at Kiel University, Faculty of Law (Tertius professor)
1666 - 1680, Librarian (Primus) at Kiel University
1668 - 1680, Ordinary professor in law [Ius Naturae et Gentium] at Kiel University, Faculty of Law (Secundus professor)
1680 - 1684, Staller (District Magistrate) at Eiderstedt
1689 - 1691, Staller (District Magistrate) at Eiderstedt

Titles, Memberships and Other Relevant Roles

1677, Herzoglicher Rat, Court of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp

Printed Sources

Books:

[Editor of] Aristotelis Ethicorum Ad Nicomachum Libri Decem, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1660): Digital Version

[Editor of] Veterum Scholiastarum Graecorum Eustratii, Aspasii, Michaelis Ephesii Aliorumue Commentationes Eruditissimae In Aristotelis Opus Ethicum Ad Nicomachum /ex translatione Jo. Bernardi Feliciani, dudum a Doctis desideratae, adeoq[ue] nunc denuo in commodiore, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1662): Digital Version

Examen Probabilitatis Quam Jesuitae Noviq[ue] Casuistae Theologiae suae Moralis fundamentum constituerunt, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1664): Digital Version

[Editor of] Romanorum Germanorumque caesarum nominum, successionum et seculorum a nato Christo distincta Notatio, metro compendiosè descripta, addita succincta explanation, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1664): Digital Version

[Editor of] Blaise Pascal: Ludovici Montaltii Litteræ Provinciales De Morali & Politica Jesuitarum Disciplina: `a Wilhelmo Wendrockio Salisburgensi Theologo, E Gallicâ in Latinam linguam translatæ Et Theologicis Notis illustratæ, Quibus Tum Jesuitarum adversus Montaltium criminate, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1664)

[Contributor to] Cäso Gramm: Chilonium Novus Holsatiæ Parnassus, (Kiel: Holvvein, 1665): Digital Version

[Editor of] Marcus Tillius Cicero: De Officiis Libre Tres, (Kiel, Frankfurt am Main: Gerlach, Beckenstein, Fievet, 1668)

Tractatus De Duellis: Mantissae loco, praeter alia quaedam, accessit S. Caes. Maiestatis, Ad S. R. Imp. Ordinum Illustrissimos Legatos Comitiis Ratisbonensibus iam congregatos, super Duellis, (Lübeck: Wettstein, Nissen, 1670)

[Contributor to] Johann Fuchs: De Inventario Tractatus brevis Ubi dilucidè materia inventationis ad praxin hodiernam ex probatissimis Dd. & observantia quotidiana docetur, (Kiel: Beckenstein, Gerlach, Reumann: 1672)

[Contributor to] Exercitationum Variarum Iuris Publici Romano-Germanici Volumen Novum, (Görlitz, Frankfurt, Leipzig, Rudolstadt: Kästner, Freyschmidt, 1675): Digital Version

Rendsburgensia inter Serenißimum & Potentißimum Principem Ac Dominum, Dn. Christianum V. Daniæ & Norvagiæ Regem &c.&c.&c. & Reverendißimum ... Dn. Christianum Albertvm, Ducem Slesvici & Holsatiæ Gottorpiensem &c.&c.&c. a. d. X. Julii Anno cIɔ IɔcLXXV. Quo, (1677): Digital Version
    - [German Translation] Rendsburgische gantz nichtige Pacten, welche zwischen... Christian V., König zu Dennemarck Norwegen... und dem... Christian Albrecht... Hertzogen zu Schleßwig-Holstein-Gottorff etc. den 10. Julii Anno 1675 vermeintlich auffgerichtet seyn, (1677): Digital Version

De Jure Naturæ Et Gentium Dissertationes, (Kiel: Reumann, 1676): Digital Version

Responnsio amici ad amicum, qua memoriale a Gottorpiensibus Ablegatis D. 20. Dec. A. 1678. Noviomagi exhibitum, ... vindicator, (Haag: 1679)

Apologia Causae Et Scriptorum Gottorpiensium, (1679)

Introductio ad Jus Publicum Germanicum Præcipuos maxim`e e`o facientes Scriptores exhibens, (Amsterdam: 1680)

Institutionum Iurisprudentiae Libri Quatuor: Ius Universale & Romanum certa Methodo, & Utriusque capita ex genuinis Principiis arcessita exhibentes, (Kiel: Reumann, 1681)

Otium Noviomagense: in delineanda Introductione ad Jus Publicum Germanicum; ejusque Præcipuis Scriptoribus enarrandis occupatum, (Kiel: Wetstein, 1685)

Ausführlich in der Theologie und denen Rechten wohl-begründetes Bedencken über zwo Haupt-Fragen I. Ob die gewaltsame Occupirung deß Hertzogthums Schleßwig, welche den 30. May 1684 vorgenommen ... könne justificiret und behauptet werden?, (1685)


Dissertations:

Positiones Miscellae, Quae consensu venerandi Philosophorum Ordinis, (Rostock: Keil, 1649), [Praeses: Johannes Vorst, Respondent: Samuel Rachel]: Digital Version

Peri Akusiu kai Ekusiu, De Invite & Sponte Facto, (Rostock: Richel, 1650), [Praeses: Johannes Vorst, Respondent: Samuel Rachel]: Digital Version

Exercitatio Ethica De Æquitate, (Helmstedt: Calixtinum, 1658), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Andreas Cassius]: Digital Version

Diatribe moralis de morte voluentaria, Graecis dicta autocheiria, (Helmstedt: Taeger, 1659), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Anton Raumburger]: Digital Version

Dissertatio Moralis De Principiis Actionum Humanarum, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1660), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Daniel Nessel]

Disquisitio Philosophica De Poenis, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1661), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Henning Friedrich von Damm]

Exercitatio Moralis Peri Euphyias, Seu De Bona Indole, (Helmstedt: Henning Müller, 1661), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Georg Levin Hantelmann]

Disputatio Moralis De Scientia Et Ignorantia Incontinentis, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1661), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Bender von Bienenthal]

De Actionum Moralium Principio Disputatio Prima, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1662), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Georg Heinrich Fischer]

Disputatio Prima De Honesto In Genere, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1662), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Georg Werner Grote]

Justa Viro perillustri, (Kiel: Reumann, 1662), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Bartramo Poguiskio]

Disputatio De Primis Societatibus Naturalibus, Earumque Iusto, (Helmstedt: Heitmüller, 1662), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Rudolph Busso Schencke]

Dissertatio Academica De Iure Naturae, (Helmstedt: Henning Müller, 1664), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Ephraim Jonathan Raumer]: Digital Version

Disputatio Politica De Maiestate, (Helmstedt: Heitmüller, 1664), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Andreas Koch]: Digital Version

Exercitatio Moralis De Iustitia, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1664), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Georg Germer]: Digital Version

Dissertatio Politica De Sophismatibus, (Helmstedt: 1665), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Johann Dencker]

Disputatio politica de praecipuis quibusdam consultationis capitibus, bello et pace, importandis et exportandis, custodia regionis, et legislation, (Helmstedt: Müller, 1665), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Albert Rachel]

Disputatio juridica de securitate publica, (Kiel: 1666), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Nicolaus Boye]: Digital Version

Disputationem Juridicam Inauguralem De Duellis, (Kiel: Reumann, 1666), [Praeses: Erich Mauritius, Respondent: Samuel Rachel]: Digital Version

Dissertatio Ex Iure Naturae & Gentium De Monarcharum In Genere, Nec Non Monarcharum Europaeorum Christianorum In Specie, Mutua Obligatione, (Kiel: Reumann, 1670), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Hans Hinrich von Ahlefeldt]: Digital Version

Exercitatio Academica De Jure in genere, (Kiel: Reumann, 1670), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Johan Bambamius]: Digital Version

Compendium Juris Controversi, Continens Theses & Antitheses C C, Ex Jure Civili Romanorum Juxta Seriem Digestorum, Qvibus Sub Juncta Sunt Corollaria Ex Jure Naturæ, Gentium, Publico, Canonico, Feudali & Saxonico, Desumpta, (Kiel: Reumann, 1671), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Johann Diedrich von Gülich]: Digital Version

Exercitatio Juris Naturalis & Civilis Ro. De Æquitate, (Kiel: Reumann, 1671), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Wolfgang Ludemann]

Dissertatio Juris Publici, de Comitiis Electoralibus quae dicuntur ChurFürsten-Täge/Collegial-Täge, Kiel: Reumann, 1671), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Tobias Friedrich Linck]: Digital Version

Disputatio Inauguralis Juridica, De Injuriis & Earum Actionibus, (Kiel: Reumann, 1672), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Johann Philipp Rosmann]: Digital Version

Disputationem Iuridicam De Iure Arbitrario In Genere, (Kiel: Reumann, 1673), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Christianus von Eitzen]: Digital Version

Exercitationem juridicam de jure gentium, (Kiel: Reumann, 1673), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Jacob Siverts]

Disputatio Iuridica De Revisionibus, (Kiel: Joachim Reumann, 1674), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Friedrich Adolph Hansen]: Digital Version

Diss. juris publ. de Capitulatione Regni Germanici, vulgo Kayserl. Wahl-Capitulation, (Kiel: Reumann, 1675), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Otto Nicol Lindholtz]: Digital Version

Exercitatio academica De iustitia universali, (Kiel: Reumann, 1675), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Gajus Heinrich Nährmann]: Digital Version

De beneficio competentiae, (Kiel: Reumann, 1677), [Praeses: Samuel Rachel, Respondent: Erich Tilemann Becker]: Digital Version


Ego-Documents and Biographical Materials:

Samuel Rachel and Henning Ratjen, "Samuel Rachel, Autobiographie desselben, mitgetheilt von Herrn Professor und Bibliothekar Ratjen" in Archiv für Staats- und Kirchengeschichte der Herzogtümer Schleswig, Holstein, Lauenburg, ed. Andreas L. J. Michelsen and Jacob Asmussen (Altona: J. F. Hammerich, 1833), p. 335-382

Samuel Rachel and Henning Ratjen, "Samuel Rachel, Autobiographie desselben, mitgetheilt von Herrn Professor und Bibliothekar Ratjen. Fortsetzung" in Archiv für Staats- und Kirchengeschichte der Herzogtümer Schleswig, Holstein, Lauenburg, ed. Andreas L. J. Michelsen and Jacob Asmussen (Altona: J. F. Hammerich, 1837), p. 99-166

Manuscript Sources

Ego-Documents and Biographical Materials:

Rachel has left a detailed autobiography (manuscript): Curriculum vitae ab ipso conscriptum (40 sheets). A transcript by O. H. Moller is in Kiel university library. Archival Reference: S. H. 170 (Ratjen, Handschriftenverzeichn. I, 283)
 

Direct Personal Connections:

1654, Herman Conring, Helmstedt
1665, Daniel Georg Morhof, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University]
1671, Nicolaus Martini, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University]
1673, Samuel Reyher, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University]
Mikkel Munthe Jensen, Last Update:  17.03.2021