Hinweis: Um die korrekte Darstellung der Seite zu erhalten, müssen Sie beim Drucken die Hintergrundgrafiken erlauben.

Mussard, Pierre (* 1690.09.17 † 1767.12.24)

Basic Overview Data

1690.09.17, Geneva
1767.12.24, Geneva
Protestant, Calvinist
Institutional Affiliation
Academy (University) of Geneva
Keyword Filters
Calvinism, Burlamaqui
Important Family Relations:
Father, Bénigne Mussard (1657 - 1722), professor of law at the Academy of Geneva
Canonical URL:


Pierre Mussard studied law at the Academy of Geneva and at the Universities of Halle and Valencia. He passed the official law exam in Geneva in 1717. At the instigation of his father Bénigne Mussard, he was appointed honorary professor of law at the Academy of Geneva in 1719. He resigned in 1722 in favour of a political career. The government then decided to create two law chairs for guaranteeing that natural law would henceforth be taught at the Academy. The two newly appointed professors were Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui and Jean Cramer. Mussard was elected to the Council of Two Hundred (1721), the Council of Sixty (1729) and the Small Council (1735). He served three times as syndic (1750-58) and once as first syndic (1762). During the political unrests in 1734-38, he participated in the committee appointed by the Genevan government to respond to the bourgeoisie's demand to restore the former prerogatives of the General Council of the republic. Together with Burlamaqui and Jacob de Chapeaurouge, he exercised a preponderant influence over the final report of the committee, which referred to the social contract theory in order to reject the demand.

Comment on main natural law works:

No scholarly publications are known. The inaugural lecture on the use and excellence of natural law Mussard presented as honorary professor at the Academy was published in 1720.

Academic Data


- ../1717, Jurisprudence, Academy of Geneva
- ../1717, Jurisprudence, University of Halle
- ../1717, Jurisprudence, University of Valencia


1717, Official law exam (in Geneva)

Professional Data


1719 - 1722, honorary professor of law, Academy of Geneva

Titles, Memberships and Other Relevant Roles

1721, Member, Council of Two Hundred, Geneva
1729, Member, Council of Sixty, Geneva
1734 - 1738, Member, Commission of the Genevan government, Geneva
1736, Member, Small Council, Geneva
1750 - 1758, Syndic, Geneva (three times during this period)
1762, First Syndic, Geneva

Printed Sources


De usu et praestantia juris naturalis oratio inauguralis (Geneva: Fabri et Barillot, 1720).

Manuscript Sources


Direct Personal Connections:

1690, Bénigne Mussard, Geneva [Bénigne Mussard was his father and predecessor on the chair of law.]
../1734, Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Geneva [Pierre Mussard and Burlamaqui were members of the committee appointed by the Genevan government during the political unrests 1734-1738.]
Mikkel Munthe Jensen, Last Update:  21.07.2022