Mussard, Bénigne (* 1657.xx.xx † 1722.04.20)
Basic Overview Data
Biographical and Intellectual Profile
Bénigne Mussard was born in Montpellier in 1657 and obtained his doctorate in law from the University of Montpellier. He returned to his home town Geneva in the aftermath of the revocation of the edict of Nantes. He was appointed honorary professor in law in 1686 as successor of Philipp Reinhard Vitriarius. He obtained a salary since 1691, and was promoted to ordinary professor in 1695. He kept this chair until his death on 20 April 1722. In 1704, he was elected head of the Collège de l'Académie, and he was also secretary of the Compagnie des pasteurs. His son Pierre, born in 1690, was to become honorary professor of natural and public law (1719-1722) and a highly influential member of the Genevan government.
Comment on main natural law works:
No information is available on Mussard's teaching, and it seems that he did not publish any book in his own name. We only know two disputations and a dissertation he presided over.
Titles, Memberships and Other Relevant Roles
John Ereskine de Alva, Disputatio juridica de sponsalibus et nuptiis [...] (Geneva: fratres de Tournes, 1698).
Jacques Mestrezat, Theses juridicae de mutuo [...] (Geneva: Vincent Miege, 1705), [Praeses: Bénigne Mussard]
Johan Steenlack, Disputatio juridica de Acquirendo Rerum Dominio (Geneva: Fabri & Barillot, 1717): Digital version
Natural Law Network
Direct Personal Connections:
References and Acknowledgement
Borgeaud, Charles: Histoire de l'Université de Genève, vol. 1: L'Académie de Calvin (1759-1798) (Geneva: Georg, 1900), p. 390, 428, 508, 511, 641.Online Resources:
"Mussard, Bénigne (1657-1722)" in Lumières.Lausanne: https://lumieres.unil.ch/fiches/bio/2914/?q=mussard
Zurbuchen, Simone: "Teaching the Law of Nature and Nations in the Swiss Context" in Etudes Lumières.Lausanne 6 (2018): http://lumieres.unil.ch/fiches/biblio/9472/