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Barbeyrac, Jean (* 1674.03.15 †  1744.05.03)
Barbeyrac, Jean (* 1674.03.15 † 1744.05.03)
CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Barbeyrac, Jean (* 1674.03.15 † 1744.05.03)

Basic Overview Data

Born
1674.03.15, Béziers
Died
1744.05.03, Groningen
Confession
Protestant, Calvinist (Huguenot)
Institutional Affiliation
Collège Francais (Berlin),
Academy of Lausanne (Académie de Lausanne),
University of Groningen
Keyword Filters
History of international relations, Moral philosophy, Tolerance, Right of resistence, Huguenot
VIAF:
Important Family Relations:
Father, Antoine Barbeyrac (1630 - 1690.01.12), Reformed pastor(Previous the Revocation pastor in Béziers and Montagnac, 1685 refugee in Lausanne where he died)
Mother, Madeleine Gelly (? - 1691.11.15), Housewife(Died in Lausanne)
Wife, Hélène Chauvin (1674 - 1730.08.7), (Barbeyrac and Hélène Chauvin married in Berlin 1702.03.01. Hélène died in Groningen)
Father-in-law, Etienne Chauvin (1640-4-17 - 1725-4-6), Reformed pastor, professor of philosophy(He was also colleague of Barbeyrac at the Collège Francais in Berlin, where Chauvin was professor of philosophy)
Kanonische URL:

Biography:

Jean Barbeyrac was born on March 15, 1674 in Béziers (Provence), where his father Antoine had been a reformed pastor for almost 20 years. In 1678 the family moved to nearby Montagnac (home of Jean's mother, Madeleine Gelly), where Jean received his first education from a private tutor, an education that continued in Montpellier under the guidance of his uncle, Charles Barbeyrac, a doctor. Upon the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685), Antoine chose the path of exile in Switzerland, in Lausanne, but he could take with him only his youngest son, Jacques, 4 years old. It was not until January 1686 that Jean was able to join his parents in Lausanne, where he first studied at the Collège, then from May 2, 1688 at the Académie. He also attended the private lectures on Pufendorf of the very young Cartesian Jean-Pierre de Crouzas. In 1693 he enrolled in the faculty of theology of the University of Geneva, but he remained there only a few months, because the Conseil of Lausanne urged the Barbeyrac orphans (Antoine had died in January 1690 and his wife in November 1691), who relied on public assistance, to leave the city. They left in September 1693 bound for Berlin. In 1694 Jean was a student at the University of Frankfurt an der Oder, where he attended courses at various faculties. On January 1, 1697 he was appointed Régent of the second class of the Collège Français in Berlin. His attempt to become a pastor foundered on the opposition of the Consistorium of the French Church of Berlin which accused him of heterodox opinions and even of Socinianism. Barbeyrac then devoted himself solely to scholarship, translating Pufendorf's works on natural law into French and commenting on them and writing the Traité du jeu (1709). His knowledge of the works of Jean Leclerc, of whom he can be considered a disciple, and of John Locke, as well as the first evidence of collaboration with an erudite newspaper, the Nouveau Journal des Savants of the theologian and philosopher Etienne Chauvin, his colleague at the Collège and future father-in-law, also dates back to Berlin. On October 6, 1710 Barbeyrac left Berlin with his wife Hélène Chauvin to return to Lausanne, by whose Académie he had been called to the chair of law and history. On March 19, 1711 he was installed there as a professor. The main academic work to which he devoted himself in Lausanne is the translation of the main work of Grotius. In March 1717 he received a call from Groningen university for the chair of public and private law, for which he needed the title of doctor utriusque iuris, which was granted to him in absentia by the University of Basel on May 25, 1717.

In Groningen Barbeyrac dedicated himself to a new edition of the Latin text of Grotius' De iure and finished his translation. From 1728 he was one of the principal editors and collaborators of the literary magazine Bibliothèque raisonnée des ouvrages des savants. In the same year his Traité de la Morale des Pères appeared. In 1739 the Histoire des Anciens Traitez: his most voluminous work. With the translation Cumberland's work on natural law, published the year of his death on May 3, 1744, the circle of our author´s production is closed. Of his six children (of whom only four are documented), only two reached adulthood and none survived him. The fortune he accumulated in Groningen went to his only heir, his nine-year-old granddaughter Henriette-Hélène Brunet, child of his daughter Esther.

Comment on main natural law works:

Barbeyrac is rightly famous for his French translations of the natural law treatises of Pufendorf, Grotius and Cumberland. In fact, it is not a question of simple translations, but of translations that are interpretations and corrections of the text at the same time, to which are added detailed commentaries, full of quotations from classical and contemporary authors, and of the translator's positions on the topics covered. Thus, many notes are equivalent to long original articles. In the case of Pufendorf, Barbeyrac´s great merit is to have tried, often successfully, to explain the author with the author, using widely Pufendorf´s polemical writings. In the case of Grotius, he also provided the best critical edition of the Latin text ever published, on which he then based his translation. Barbeyrac's introduction to Pufendorf´s translation is one of the best examples of the "history of natural law" genre in fashion in the early 18th century. There, the destructive criticism of the morals of the church fathers caused a scandal. In his Traité de la Morale des Pères de l´église (1728) - in which he replies to the criticisms that his interpretation of the church fathers had met with - the remarkable chap. 12 exposes his theory of civil and ecclesiastical tolerance. This goes far beyond Locke´s theory of tolerance, by arguing for the toleration of even atheists. Barbeyrac’s defence against Leibniz's criticisms of Pufendorf is noteworthy, even if Barbeyrac, persuasively explaining the foundation of moral obligation in Pufendorf, unconsciously highlights its deficiencies as well. Apart from his great merits as a translator, Barbeyrac achieves his best results in shorter essays, such as his academic orations, his defence of Pufendorf, certain notes on Pufendorf and Grotius as well as the eulogy of his hero Jean Leclerc. When he writes a treatise in his own way, like the one on gambling, he becomes so expansive and talkative that he is endlessly boring. This at least is the impression of those who read the treatise as a work of natural law. Much more positive is the opinion of the experts on political economy, who recently discovered in Barbeyrac´s treatise on gambling a fundamental contribution "to the theory of games and therefore indirectly to the theory of rational choice, two pillars of modern price theory." (P. Bridel, p. 81).

Comment on profile’s conception of natural law:

Barbeyrac is a moralist, not only in the sense that moral philosophy is at the centre of his philosophical reflections, but in the sense that he gladly moralizes, so much that we often have the unpleasant impression of being preached at. He launches the discipline of natural law on a sentimentalist path, in which common sense and the voice of conscience play a fundamental role. Convinced of the capacity of reason to reach true conclusions and of the reasonableness of the Christian religion, Barbeyrac made Bayle's Pyrrhonism and fideism his great bugbear and enemy. Marked throughout his life by his personal experiences of political and religious intolerance, he upheld the right of resistance against the sovereign and the subordination of religious authority to political sovereignty. In this, but only in this, is he a good disciple of Pufendorf.

Academic Data

Studies

1686 - 1688.05.02, Greek, Latin, Philosophy at Collège de Lausanne
1688.05.02 - 1693.02.28, Greek and Moral, Philosophy, Hebrew and Catechesis, Theology at Academy de Lausanne [David Constant, Jeremy Sterky, Samuel Girard des Bergeries, Georg Polier de Vernand, Jérémie Currit.] (Barbeyrac also attended the private lectures on Pufendorf´s De officio of the Cartesian Jean-Pierre de Crouzas)
1693.06.1 - 1693.09.11, Theology at Academy of Geneva [Louis Tronchin, Bénédict Calendrini, Bénédict Pictet]
1694.04.24 - 1694, Theology, Philosophy, Law at University of Frankfurt (Oder) [Samuel Strimesius, Heinrich von Cocceji, Tido Heinrich von der Lith, Arnold Wesenfeld, Samuel Stryk, Johann Christoph Becmann, Philipp Buchius, Johann Simon, Johann Risselmann, Bernhard Albinus] (Studied until the end of the 1694)

Academic Degree

1717.05.25, Doctor utriusque iuris at University of Basel [Johann Jacob Battier] (In absentia)

Academic Travels

1717.05.31 - 1717.08.12, Switzerland (Geneva 1717.05.31 - 1717.06.08), France (Paris - ), The Netherlands (Amsterdam - ) (The travel ended in Groningen, where he arrived on 1717.08.12)
1723.06 - 1723.09.30, Germany (Berlin - ) (Barbeyrac made a trip Groningen-Berlin-Groningen to visit his family in Berlin)

Academic Teaching

1696.12.24-1710.10.xx: Classical languages at Collège Francais
1711.03.19-1717.04.30: Natural law and history, Public and Private at Academy of Lausanne (Taught courses on Pufendorf)
1717.09.29-1744.05.03: Public and private law, Public and Private at University of Groningen, Faculty of Law (Taught courses on Pufendorf and Grotius)

Professional Data

Career

1696.12.24 - 1710.09.30, Régent of the second class at Collège Francais (The lowest class was the sixth, the highest was the first above which was the philosophy course)
1711.03.19 - 1717.04.30, Professor of natural law and history at Academy of Lausanne (He resigned from his professorship)
1717.09.29 - 1744.05.03, Professor of public and private law at University of Groningen, Faculty of law

Titles, Memberships and Other Relevant Roles

1713.06.07 - 1744.01.24, Berlin, Academy of Sciences, Absent
1744.01.24 - 1744.05.03, Berlin, Academy of Sciences, Foreign
1714.01.23 - 1717.02.01, Lausanne, Academy of Lausanne, Rector
1720.09.01 - 1721.09.04, Groningen, University of Groningen, Rector
1726 - 1727, Groningen, University of Groningen, Rector
1733 - 1734, Groningen, University of Groningen, Rector

Printed Sources

Books:

[Translator] S. Pufendorf, Le droit de la nature et des gens, ou systeme generale des principes les plus importans de la morale, de la jurisprudence, et de la politique (Amsterdam: Kuyper, 1706): Digital version and (Amsterdam: Schelte, 1706): Digital version [Note: The same version was printed both by Kuyper and by Schelte]
    - 1712 (Amsterdam: de Coup): Digital version [Note: A pirated edition with the same year and place of printing also appears in Paris in late 1713]
    - 1722 (London, Peel) [English transl. of the §§ 6-11 of the Preface du traducteur ] The spirit of the ecclesiasticks: of all sects and ages, as to the doctrines of morality, And more particularly the Spirit of the Ancient Fathers of the Church, examin'd, by Mons. Barbeyrac, Professor of Laws and History in the University of Lausanne. Translated from the French by a gentleman of Gray's-Inn. With a preface by the author of the Independent-Whig [Thomas Gordon]: Digital version
    - 1726 (Amsterdam:Schelte)
    - 1729 (London: J. Walthoe, R. Wilkin, J. and J. Bonwicke, S. Birt, T. Ward, and T. Osborn) [English transl. of the Preface du traducteur ] An historical and critical account of the science of morality, and the progress it has made in the world, from the earliest times down to the publication of pufendorf of the law of nature and nations: In a prefatory discourse to the said work, by Mr. Barbeyrac, professor in law, &c. Now done into English from the French of the author; together with the authorities and notes in the margin, By Mr. Carew of Lincolns-Inn: Digital version
    - 1732 (Basel: Thurneisen): Digital version
    - 1734 (Amsterdam: Vve de Coup): Digital version
    - 1734 (Amsterdam; Paris: Briasson): Digital version
    - 1740 (London: Nours): Digital version
    - 1750 (Basel: Thurneisen): Digital version
    - 1759 (Leiden: de Wetstein)
    - 1771 (Basel: Thurneisen): Digital version
    - 1771 (Leiden: de Wetstein)
    - 1771 (Lyon: Bruyset): Digital version
    - 1987 (Caen: Université de Caen): fac-simile of 1732 (Basel: Thurneisen)
    - 1987 (Leiden: IDC): repr. of 1706 (Amsterdam: Schelte): Digital version
    - 2005 (Farmington Hills, Mich. : Thomson Gale): repr. of 1712 (Amsterdam: de Coup)
    - 2009 (Caen: Université de Caen): fac-simile of 1732 (Basel: Thurneisen)
    - 2009 (Barcelona: University): repr. of 1706 (Amsterdam: Schelte)

[Translator] S. Pufendorf, Les devoirs de l´homme et du citoien tels que lui sont precrits par la loi naturelle (Amsterdam: Schelte, 1707): Digital version
    - 1708 (Amsterdam: Luxembourg: Chevalier)
    - 1715 (Amsterdam: de Coup)
    - 1722-1723 (Amsterdam: de Coup)
    - 1718 (Amsterdam: de Coup): with Leibniz´s judgement on Pufendorf and B.´s answer
    - 1734-1735 (Amsterdam: veuve de Coup & Kuyper): Digital version
    - 1741 (Trevoux: Imprimerie de S. Altesse Serenissime): Digital version
    - 1741 (London: Nourse): Digital version
    - 1746 (Amsterdam)
    - 1747 (Trevoux: Impimerie de S. Altesse Serenissime)
    - 1748 (Amsterdam: de Coup & Kuyper)
    - 1748 (Genève)
    - 1756 (Amsterdam: Arstée)
    - 1756 (Amsterdam; Leipzig: Arstée and Merkus): Digital version
    - 1798 (Amsterdam: Chevalier)
    - 1820 (Paris: Janet et Cotelle): Digital version
    - 1822 (Paris: Delestre and Boulage): Digital version
    - 1830 (Paris: Brajeux)
    - 1984 (Caen: Université de Caen): reprint of 1741 (London: Nourse): Digital version
    - 1992 (Hildesheim, Olms): reprint of 1734-1735 ((Amsterdam: de Coup & Kuyper)
    - 2002 as 1984

[Translator] G. Noodt, Du Pouvoir des souverains et de la liberté de conscience en deux discours (Amsterdam: Lombrail, 1707).
    - 1714 (Amsterdam: Humbert) 2e édition, revue et augmentée... du discours de Jean Frédéric Gronovius sur la loi royale et d'un discours du traducteur sur la nature du sort: Digital version

Traité du jeu où l'on examine des principales questions de droit naturel et de morale qui ont du rapport à cette matière (Amsterdam: Humbert, 1709): Digital version
    - 1737 (Amsterdam: Humbert):...Seconde édition... à laquelle on a joint un Discours sur la nature du sort et quelques autres écrits de l'auteur...: Digital version
    - 1740 (Bremen: Rump): [german transl.] Tractat Vom Spiel : worinn die vornehmsten zum Recht der Natur, und zur Sitten-Lehre ... gehörigen Puncte ... untersuchet werden / Nach d. andern, rev. u. verm. Aufl. aus d. Frantzösischen übersetzet von Jacob Wilhelm Lustig, Hamburg. Organisten zu St. Martini in Groningen

De dignitate et utilitate juris ac historiarum et utriusque disciplinae amica conjunctione, quam dixit a. d. 14 kalend. april. 1711 (Lausanne: Gentil & Crosat, 1711).
    - 1711 (Amsterdam: De Coup)
    - 1771 (Amsterdam: De Coup)

Discours sur l'utilité des lettres et des sciences, par rapport au bien de l'État. Prononcé aux promotions publiques du Collège de Lausanne, le 2. de mai M. DCC. XIV. (Genève: Fabri and Barillot, 1714).
    - 1715 (Amsterdam: Humbert): Digital version
    - 1731 (Amsterdam: Humbert)

Discours sur la permission des loix, où l'en fait voir, que ce qui est permis par les loix n'est pas toujours juste et honnête: Prononcé aux Promotions publiques du Collége de Lausanne, le 8. de Mai MDCCXV (Genève: Fabri and Barillot, 1715).
    - 1715 (Amsterdam: de Coup)
    - 1748 (Genève)

Discours sur le benefice des loix où l'en fait voir, qu'un honnête homme ne peut pas toujours se prévaloir der droits et des priviléges que les loix donnent: Prononcé aux Promotions publiques du Collége de Lausanne, le 13. de Mai MDCCXVI (Genève: Fabri and Barillot, 1716).
    - 1716 (Amsterdam: de Coup)
    - 1748 (Genève)

Oratio inauguralis de studio juris recte instituendo, habita A.D. IX Kalend. Octobr. 1717 quum Ordinariam Juris Publici et Privati Professinem in Academia Groningo-Omlandica auspicaretur (Groningen: Barlinkhof, 1717): Digital version

Oratio De Magistratu, Forte Peccante, E Pulpitis Sacris Non Traducendo habita Groningæ, pridie Nonas Septembr. M. DCC. XXI. Quum Magistratu Academico abiret (Amsterdam: de Coup, 1721): Digital version
    - 1722 (Erfurt: Ritschel): Digital version
    - 1724 (Tübingen: Pflicke): Digital version
    [Dutch trans.] Redenvoering, dat men den magistraet, ingeval hy eenigen misslagh begaet, van den predikstoel niet magh doorstryken (Rotterdam: Hofhout, 1722).
    [German trans.] Rede, daß man die Obrigkeit, ob sie sich gleich etwan versehen möchte, keineswegs auf denen Cantzeln herdurch ziehen solle (1722): Digital version
    [French trans.] Discours sur la question, s´il est permis d´échaffauder en chaire le magistrat qui a commis quelque faute (Amsterdam: Humbert, 1731).

[Translator] H. Grotius, Le Droit de la guerre et de la paix, . avec les notes de l'auteur... et de nouvelles notes du traducteur (Amsterdam: de Coup, 1724): Digital version
    - 1729 (Amsterdam: de Coup): Digital version
    - 1746 (Basel: Thourneisen): Digital version
    - 1759 (Leiden: Aux depens de la Compagnie): Digital version
    - 1768 (Basel: Thourneisen): Digital version
    - 1768 (Leiden: Wettstein): Digital version
    - 1776 (Basel: Tourneisen)
    - 1984 (Caen: Université): repr. of 1724 (Amsterdam: de coup)
    - 2011 (Caen: Université de Caen): repr. of 1724 (Amsterdam: de Coup): Digital version

Traité de la morale des Pères de l'Église : où en défendant un article de la préface sur Puffendorf contre l'Apologie de la morale des Pères du P. Ceillier,... on fait diverses réflexions sur plusieurs matières importantes (Amsterdam: de Coup, 1728): Digital version
    - 1728 (Amsterdam: Uytwerf)

Recueil de discours sur diverses matières importantes, traduits ou composez par Jean Barbeyrac.... qui y a joint un éloge historique de feu Mr. Noodt (Amsterdam: Humbert, 1731): Digital version
    [partly Dutch trans.] Verzaameling van reedenvoeringen, waar in veele zaken het natuurlyk recht en zedekunde betreffend (Leeuwarden: Coulon, 1744): Digital version

[Translator] Traité philosophique des loix naturelles...par le docteur Richard Cumberland,... traduit du latin par M. Barbeyrac,... avec des notes du traducteur qui y a joint celles de la traduction anglaise (de John Maxwell et la Vie de l'auteur traduite de l'anglais de Mr. Payne) (Amsterdam: Mortier, 1744): Digital version
    - 1744 (Lausanne, Genève: Bousquet)
    - 1745 (Amsterdam)
    - 1757 (Leiden: Haak): Digital version
    - 1989 (Caen, Université de Caen): reprint of 1744 (Amsterdam, Mortier): Digital version


Dissertations:

Disputatio juridica inauguralis de commodato, (Groningen: Velsen, 1720) [Praeses: Jean Barbeyrac, Respondent: Meinhard Lohman]: Digital version

Disputatio inauguralis juridica de officio advocati circa causas dubias vel minus justas, (Groningen: Velsen, 1720) [Praeses: Jean Barbeyrac, Respondent: Johannes Matthaeus Schweder].

Dissertatio juridica inauguralis de testamento militari (Groningen: Velsen 1721) [Praeses: Jean Barbeyrac, Respondent: Johan Brunsvelt]: Digital version

Disputatio juridica inauguralis de arbitriis compromissariis (Groningen: Elama, 1727) [Praeses: Jean Barbeyrac, Respondent: Henricus Brans]: Digital version

Dissertatio juridica inauguralis de probatione per libros mercatoris mortui in primis ex mente statuarii Hamburg, (Groningen: Velsen, 1727) [Praeses: Jean Barbeyrac, Respondent: Gerhardus Langermann].

Periculum Academicum In Evolvendis Nat. Rom. Germ. & speciatim Patrii Juris Differentiis Circa Periculi Seu Casus Fortuiti Naturam, Præstationemque. Contractuum, qui dominium natura sua transferunt: Permutationis, Cambii Emt. Vend. Specimine triplici praestitum / Quod Ex Auctoritate Magnifici Rectoris Dn. Johannis Barbeyrachii ... disquisitioni publicae subjicit Jacobus Langermann Hamburgensis, (Groningen: Velsen, 1727) [Praeses: Jean Barbeyrac, Respondent: Jacobus Langermann].

Dissertatio juridica inauguralis exhibens exercitationem primam de bipartito juris civilis principio, videlicet de jure et facto (Groningen:Velsen, 1733) [Praeses: Jean Barbeyrac, Respondent: Johann Diederich Wessel]: Digital version


Periodica and Compiled Works:

Nouveau Journal des Scavans, dressé à Berlin par Mr. C***[Chauvin, Etienne], Seconde Année (Berlin: Rudiger, 1697), Juillet-Aoust, Article VII "Reflexions de M. J. B. [Jean Barbeyrac] sur un passage du II. Livre de Samuel Chap. I. vers. 9 [sic! 19] .", pp. 356-364: Digital version

Troisième année, Novembre et Decembre 1698 (Berlin: Rudiger, 1698): Article VI "Joannis Jensii Lectiones Lucianeae, Hagae-Com. 1698 [review by J. Barbeyrac], pp. 522-543: Digital version

Nouvelles de la republique des Lettres par Jacques Bernard (Amsterdam 1702): Mois de Janvier 1702, Art. II: "Remarques diverses sur plusieurs choses qui concernent les belles lettres par Jean B***[Jean Barbeyrac ]" (Berlin 1701-11-15), pp. 24-49: Digital version
    - Mois d´Aout, Art. II: "Lettre de Mr. Jean B*** à l´Auteur de ces Nouvelles, pour répondre à celle que Mr. Acolzer [La Croze, Maturin Veissière de] a ecrit contre lui", pp. 139-156: Digital version
    - Mois de Novembre 1702, Art. II Observations critiques sur quelques passage d´Elien, de Lucien, et de Thomas le Maitre... par Jean B*** (Berlin 1702-09-16), pp. 507-517: Digital version

Bibliothèque Choisi, pour servir de suite à la Bibliothéque Universelle Par Jean Le Clerc, vol. 17 (1709) (Amsterdam: Schelte, 1709), Article VII: "Projet d´une nouvelle Edition de Lucrece" by Jean Barbeyrac (Berlin, 1708-11-10), pp. 242-269: Digital version

Le Journal des Scavans (Paris ed. August 1712, pp. 537-544; Amsterdam ed. October 1712, pp. 404-417): “Lettre à Monsieur..... sur un Article des Mémoires de Trevoux du mois d´Avril 1712. concernant le Traité du Jeu imprimé à Amsterdam (Letter dated Lausanne 6.5.1712)” Digital Version (Paris) and Digital Version (Amsterdam).

Le Journal des Scavans (Paris ed. December 1713, pp. 660-668 and 673-677; Amsterdam ed. February 1714, pp. 168-183 aud March 1714, pp. 243-253): "Prémiére et derniére Replique à ce que M.r Du Tremblai a dit dans les Mémoires de Trevoux contre le Traité du Jeu (Article dated Lausanne 18.8.1713)": Digital Version (Paris) and Digital Version (Amsterdam).

Bibliothèque raisonnée des ouvrages des savants de l´Europe, vol. I-XLI (Amsterdam: Wetsteins & Smith, 1728-1741): Digital version.

Many anonymous articles in this journal are by J.B.: see the list in Meylan, pp. 247-248, in Lagarrigue and in: Lumières.Lausanne, projet "Correspondance Barbeyrac (1702-1743)", Université de Lausanne: Digital version [version of 29 may 2017].

Bibliothèque Britannique, ou histoire des scavans de la Gran Bretagne, vol. XX-XXI (La Haye: De Hondt, 1742-1743): Digital version
    [According to Meylan J.B. is the anonymous author of some articles in this two volumes].

Nouvelle Bibliothèque ou Histoire littéraire des principaux escrits qui se publient, vol. XIX (La Haye: Gosse le fils, 1744).
    [The articles 4, 9, 10 are posthumous articles by J.B.].


Ego-Documents and Biographical Materials:

Mémoire sur la vie et sur les écrits de M. Jean de Barbeyrac, écrit par lui-même in "Nouvelle Bibliothèque ou Histoire littéraire des principaux écrits qui se publient", vol. XIX (1744), art. XI, pp. 271-304, repr. in J. Barbeyrac: Ecrits de droit et de morale, (ed.) Simon Goyard-Fabre (Paris: Centre de Philosophie du droit,1996), pp. 81-92.

Geschichte des Herrn Johann Barbeiraks in Rathleff, Ernst Ludwig, Geschichte jetzlebender Gelehren, vol. I (Zelle: Deetz, 1740-1741): Digital version

Daniel Gerdes: [ad exequias Jo. Barbeyracii invitatio], (Groningen: Crans, 1744): Digital version

Bibliotheca Barbeyraciana, sive Catalogus exquisitissimae supellectilis Librariae, Qua usus est vir Praeclarus... J. Barbeyracius Jurisconsultus.... Huius publica fiet Auctio Gronigae Die 30. Mart. et seqq. A. 1745, (Groningen: Spandaw, 1744): Digital version

Catalogus Manuscriptorum ineditorum Viri Celeberrimi Jo. Barbeirac in Academia Groningana Publici Privatique Juris Professoris, adjunctis aliunde nonnullis aliis Manuscriptis... Publica ...distractio fiet Die Lunae 2 September. et seqq. 1754, (Den Haag: Hondt, 1754): Digital version

Manuscript Sources

Correspondence:

1 letter to the Academy of Sciences of Berlin (Lausanne 1713-07-26), [Koninklijke Bibliotheek Den Haag: KW 121 E 3].

3 letters to Theodorus Janssonius von Almeloveen (Berlin 1709-1710), [Universiteits-Bibl. Utrecht: Hs 996].

1 letter to an anonymous Prussian minister (Berlin 1710-10-02), [Geheimes Staatsarchiv Berlin:I HA Rep. 124,34,10]. Published in F. Palladini, 'Farewell to Berlin: Two newly discovered letters by Jean Barbeyrac', History of European Ideas 33 (2007) 305-320.

1 letter to Christian Friedrich von Bartholdi (Berlin ../1710-09-23), [Geheimes Staatsarchiv Berlin:I HA Rep. 124,34,10]. Published in F. Palladini, 'Farewell to Berlin: Two newly discovered letters by Jean Barbeyrac', History of European Ideas 33 (2007) 305-320.

8 letters to Louis Bourguet (Lausanne 1716-1717), [Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire de Neuchâtel:102 LBOU-2.7]. Published in Lumières.Lausanne, projet "Correspondance Barbeyrac (1702-1743)", Université de Lausanne, url: https://lumieres.unil.ch/projets/barbeyrac, version du 29 mai 2017.

15 letters to Jean-Pierre de Crousaz (Groningen from 1718.1.15 to 1738-8-18), [Bibliothèque Cantonale et Universitaire de Lausanne: IS 2024/XIV/7-21]. Published in Lumières.Lausanne, projet "Correspondance Barbeyrac (1702-1743)", Université de Lausanne, url:https://lumieres.unil.ch/projets/barbeyrac version du 29 mai 2017.

1 letter to Jean-Pierre de Crousaz (Groningen 29.2.1732), [Koninklijke Bibliotheek Den Haag: KW 121 E 3]. Published in Lumières.Lausanne, projet "Correspondance Barbeyrac (1702-1743)", Université de Lausanne, url:https://lumieres.unil.ch/projets/barbeyrac version du 29 mai 2017.

13 letters to Louis Desmaizeaux (from Berlin, Lausanne and Groningen 1706-1719), [British Library: Additional Mss 4281, ff. 19-35]. The most of these letters have been published by G. Masson in "Bull. de la Soc. de l´Hist. du Protestantisme fr.", 15 (1866); by G. Ascoli in "Rev.d´hist. litt de la France , 20 (1915) and in Lumières.Lausanne, projet "Correspondance Barbeyrac (1702-1743)", Université de Lausanne:https://lumieres.unil.ch/projets/barbeyrac version du 29 mai 2017.

3 Letters to Fabricius (1709-1710), [Royal Library Copenhagen: Fabr. 104-123, 4° nr. 1-3].

36 letters to Charles Pacius de La Motte (Groningen 1730-1743), [Bibl. de la Soc. de l´Histoire du Protest. fr. Paris: Ms. 295]. Publ. in Lumières.Lausanne, projet "Correspondance Barbeyrac (1702-1743)", Université de Lausanne:https://lumieres.unil.ch/projets/barbeyrac version du 29 mai 2017.

1 letter to Jean Le Clerc (Berlin 1706-04-10), [Universiteitsbibl. Amsterdam: Hss-mag:C3]: published in Jean Leclerc: Epistolario, ed. by Mario and Maria-Grazia Sina, vol. 3 (Firenze: Olschki, 1994), letter Nr. 414, p. 14.

3 letters to John Locke (Berlin (1702-1704), [British Library London: Ms. Locke c. 3, ff. 140-144] : published in John Locke, Correspondence, ed. by E.S. de Beer, vol. 7 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1982) and 8 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1989).

1 letter to Charles Guillaume Loys de Bochat (Groningen 1721-03-11) [Archives de la Ville de Lausanne: P 224 (Fonds Grenier) carton 16, cartable 5, enveloppe 11, n° 8]. Published in Lumières.Lausanne, projet "Correspondance Barbeyrac (1702-1743)", Université de Lausanne:https://lumieres.unil.ch/projets/barbeyrac version du 29 mai 2017.

1 letter (copy) to Jacques-Barthélemy Micheli du Crest (Groningen 1731-11-20), [Archives d´Etat de Genève: Mss. Hist. 62, fol.375-399].

4 Letters to Jacques-Philippe d' Orville (1737-1740) [Bodleian Library: Ms D'Orville 482 fol. 139 / 482 fol. 247 / 483 fol. 18 / 483 fol. 60].

1 Letter to Ernst Ludwig Rathlef (Groningen 1739), [Bibliothèque de l´histoire du Protestantisme Fran. Paris: Ms 295 in fine].

1 letter to Matthias Röver and 1 Letter from Matthias Röver to Barbeyrac (Groningen 1739), [Universiteitsbibl. Leiden: BPL 1007].

1 letter to Albertus Scherius, Otto Verbrugge Rect. Magnif. and Nicolaus Tilburg (Groningen 1729), [Universiteits-Bibl. Amsterdam: Hss-mag.: 2 T 2].

6 letters to Johann-Jacob Scheuchzer (Lausanne 1714-1716), [Zentralbibliothek Zürich: Ms H 334].

1 Letter to Patrick Simson (1720), [Glasgow University Library: Ms Murray 660, fol. 1].

1 Letter to Jean-Jacques Sinner (1718), [Biliothèque cantonale et universitaire de Lausanne (BCUL): Jean-Pierre de Crousaz (Ms IS 2024 XIV 7-21)]. JB includes copy of this letter in de Crousaz correspondence. Also in:  Barthélemy Barnaud, Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des troubles arrivés en Suisse, (Amsterdam: Bernard, 1726), pp. 140-149.

1 letter to J. Sudermann (Groningen 1722), [Universiteits-Bibl. Amsterdam: Hss-mag.: 2 T 1].

107 letters to Jean-Alphonse Turrettini (Berlin, Lausanne, Groningen 1707-1736), [Genève, BPU, Ms. fr. 484: s. Pitassi, Inventaire].

1 Letter to Jean-Alphonse Turrettini (1736), [Archives d'Etat de Genève: Archives Turrettini 1/Gd.B.4].

1 letter to the Trustees of the University of Groningen (Lausanne 1717-03-16), [Koninklijke Bibliotheek Den Haag: KW 121 E 3].

1 letter to the Trustees of the University of Lausanne [1717], [Koninklijke Bibliotheek Den Haag: KW 121 E 3].

1 letter to Petrus Wesseling (Groningen 1733), [Universiteitsbibl. Leiden: BPL 336].

In addition, 1 letter to G. Mascow (1725) is known, published in Josias Ludwig Ernst Püttmann, Probabilium juris civilis liber singularis, Leipzig: Crusius, 1768, pp. 97f. (cf Meylan, p. 6).


Ego-Documents and Biographical Materials:

Dossier of the inquisition about Barbeyrac´s alleged heterodoxy (1699-1701): [Berlin, Geheimes Statsarchiv: I HA rep. 122, 7a I, 5] (s. Palladini, Die Berliner Hugenotten).

Histoire de la Conduite du Consistoire à mon égard, 1699: [Paris, Bibliothèque de l´Histoire du Protestantisme Francais: Ms 295].

Entry in the Album amicorum of Johann Jacob Laemmermann (Lausanne, 1712-10-12): [Berlin, Staatsbibliothek: Slg. Darmstaedter 2h 1710: Barbeyrac, Jean].

Latine Autobiography in three different versions , 1739: [Paris, Bibliothèque de l´Histoire du Protestantisme Francais: Ms 295], publ. in Gerdes. German translation in Rathlef. French translation in Nouvelle Bibliotheque and in Goyard-Fabre.

Direct Personal Connections:

1686\..-../1693, Jean-Pierre de Crousaz, Lausanne [Teacher of Barbeyrac]
1693\..-../1710, Christian Thomasius, Berlin [Barbeyrac says that he knew Thomasius personally and corresponded with him, but the correspondence is lost.]
1710\..-../1716, Charles Gauillaume Loys de Bochat, Lausanne [Loys de Bochat was a studend of Barbeyrac, who succeeded him in Lausanne]
1710\..-../1716, Louis Bourguet, Lausanne [Friend and correspondent of Barbeyrac]

Epistolary Connections:

May/June 1702, John Locke,
Mikkel Munthe Jensen, Last Update:  17.03.2021