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Christiani, Wilhelm Ernst (* 1731.04.23 †  1793.01.09)
Christiani, Wilhelm Ernst (* 1731.04.23 † 1793.01.09)
CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Christiani, Wilhelm Ernst (* 1731.04.23 † 1793.01.09)

Basic Overview Data

Born
1731.04.23, Kiel
Died
1793.01.09, Kiel
Confession
Protestant, Lutheran
Institutional Affiliation
University of Kiel
Keyword Filters
Protestant, Lutheran
VIAF:
Important Family Relations:
Father, Conrad Christiani - 1745), Assessor, Ratherr, Commerzcollegio and pharmacist
Grandfather (on his mother’s side), Wilhelm Huldreich Waldschmidt (1669 - 1731), Professor in Medicine (Kiel), Ducal Physician
Kanonische URL:

Biography:

Forthcoming

Comment on main natural law works:

Forthcoming

Comment on profile’s conception of natural law:

Forthcoming

Academic Data

Studies

- ../1748, Schooling [Abraham Dunkel]
1748 - 1751, Theology, Philosophy, Mathematics, History, Ancient and New Languages at Kiel University [Peter Kose, Adam Heinrich Lackmann]
1751 - 1755, Theology and Philosophy at Jena University [Johann Peter Reusch]
1756 - 1757, Philosophy at Rostock University

Academic Degree

1757.04.10, Philosophiae Magister at Rostock University

Academic Teaching

1761, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1761, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1762, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1762, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1763, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1763, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1764, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1764, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1765, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1765, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1766, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1766, Summer Semester: "Natural Law by Johann C. G. Heineccius and Christian Wolff", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1767, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1767, Winter Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1768, Summer Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1768, Winter Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy (Also taught first natural theology, psychology, ontology and logic)
1769, Summer Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1770, Summer Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1771, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1771, Winter Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1772, Summer Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1772, Winter Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1773, Summer Semester: "Natural Law by [Joachim Georg] Dariesius", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1774, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations by Federo(?)", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1774, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations by Federo(?)", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1775, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1775, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations by Federo(?)", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1776, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1776, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations by Federo(?)", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1777, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1777, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1778, Summer Semester: "Natural Law", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1778, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1779, Summer Semester: "Natural Law", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1779, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1780, Summer Semester: "Natural Law", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1780, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1781, Winter Semester: "Natural Law", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1782, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, History of European State", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1782, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, History of State", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1783, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, History of State", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1783, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, Universal History", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1784, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Public Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1784, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1785, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1785, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1786, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, History of European State", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1787, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1787, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, Universal History", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1788, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, History of European States", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1788, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, History of European State", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1789, Summer Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations, History of European State", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1789, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1790, Winter Semester: "Law of Nature and Nations", Private Lecture at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy

Professional Data

Career

1757 - 1761, Docentus in Natural and Public Law at Kiel University
1761.03.10 - 1763, Extraordinary professor in Philosophy at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1761.03.10 - 1763, Extraordinary professor in Natural Law and Politics at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1763.03.26 - 1793, Ordinary professor in Natural Law and Politics at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1763.04.19 - 1793, Librarian at Kiel University
1766.01.28 - 1793, Ordinary professor in Eloquence and Poetics at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy
1770.01.21 - 1793, Ordinary professor in History at Kiel University, Faculty of Philosophy

Titles, Memberships and Other Relevant Roles

1758 - 1762, Member, German Society, Jena
1762, Honorary Member, German Society, Jena
1770, Grand Ducal (Großherzoglicher) Kanzleirat ( )
1773, Co-founder, Literary Society (Kiel), Kiel
1777, Wirklicher Justitzrat, Danish Court
1790, Member, Royal Society of Science, Copenhagen

Printed Sources

Books:

Untersuchung der eleatischen Gottesleugnung, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1760)

Rede auf das hohe Gebuhrts-Fest Ihro Kaiserl. Majestät ... Frauen Catharina der Zweyten, Kaiserin und Selbstherrscherin aller Reußen ... : im Nahmen der hiesigen Groß-Fürstlichen Academie in der Heil. Geist Kirche zu Kiel am 4 May 1765 gehalten, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1765): Digital Version

Die gute Sache der Dissidenten in Polen: nach den Gründen des natürlichen und allgemeinen Staats-Rechts und der Politik, (Kiel: 1767)

Rede auf das hohe Gebuhrts-Fest Sr. Kaiserlichen Hoheit, ... Herrn Paul Petrowitz, Kaiserl. Kron-Prinzen, Thronfolgers und Groß-Fürsten aller Reußen ..., der Academie zu Kiel Rectoris und Cancellarii Magnificentißimi, bey der Einweihung des neuen Academischen Gebäudes, in dem größern Academischen Hörsaal im Nahmen gedachter Academie am 3ten October 1768 gehalten, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1768): Digital Version

Bey der allgemeinen Feier des Landes wegen der glücklichen Wiederherstellung Sr. Kaiserl. Hoheit des ... Paul Petrowitz, Kaiserl. Kronprinzen, Thronfolgers und Groß-Fürsten aller Reußen, ... unsers allergnädigsten Herzogs und Landesherrn, ... werden der Pro-Rector und Senat dieser Großfürstlichen Academie ihre feyerlichen Freudensbezeugungen mit dem öffentlichen Frolocken Rußlands und Cimbriens verbinden, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1769): Digital Version

Das enge Band der Gerechtigkeit und Klugheit : Eine Rede auf Ihro Kaiserlichen Hoheit Gebuhrtsfest : Im Rahmen der Großfürstlichen Academie zu Kiel am 2ten October 1770 öffentlich gehalten, (Göttingen: Boßiegel & Sohn, 1770): Digital Version

Entwurf einer gelehrten Geschichte Friedrichs III, Herzog zu Schleswig-Hollstein, (Kiel: 1772)

Geschichte der Glaubensreinigung in Deutschland und in den Herzogthümern Schleswig und Hollstein, (Hamburg, Bohn: 1773)

Des Prorectors und Senats dieser Großfürstlichen Universität Einladung zu der auf Ihro Rußisch. Kaiserl. Majestät hohes Gebuhrtsfest am 3ten May 1773 öffentlich zu haltenden Rede. Mit litterarischen Nachrichten von den Ausgaben der gemeinschaftlichen Schleswighollsteinischen Landgerichtsordnung, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1773): Digital Version

Geschichte der Herzogthümer Schleswig und Hollstein, Vol. 1-4, (Flensburg, Leipzig: Korte, 1775-1779)
    - Vol. 1 (1775)
    - Vol. 2 (1776)
    - Vol. 3 (1777)
    - Vol. 4 (1779)

Hertugdømmene Slesvigs og Holsteens Historie, Vol. 1-6, (Odense: Iversen, 1776-1796)

Universalhistorie alter, mittler und neuer Zeiten: Aus dem Französischen, mit Zusätzen und Berichtigungen von Wilhelm Ernst Christiani, Vol. 1-12, (Leipzig: Crusius, 1777-)
Vol. 1 (1777): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 2 (1778): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 3 (1779): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 4 (1780): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 5 (1781): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 6 (1782): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 7 (1783): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 8 (1783): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 9 (1787): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Register (1788): Digital Version
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 10 (1788)
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 11 (1789)
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)
Vol. 12 (1793)
    - Edition 1794 (Vienna)
    - Edition 1813 (Vienna: Gräffer & Härter)

Des Prorectors Canzlers und Senats dieser Königl. Universität Einladung zu der auf Ihro Königl. Hoheit der Kronprinzessin und ... des Erbprinzen von Schleswig-Hollstein-Augustenburg hohes Vermählungsfest am 27sten May 1786 ... öffentlich zu haltenden Rede : Mit beygefügten Materialien zur Geschichte Herzogs Johann des jüngern, Stammvaters des ... Schleswig-Hollstein-Augustenburgischen Hauses, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1786): Digital Version


Dissertations:

Dispvtatio Ivris Pvblici Vniversalis De Potestate Svmmi Imperantis Circa Legem Natvrae, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1758) [Praeses: Wilhelm Ernst Christiani, Respondent: Carl Friedrich Krüger): Digital Version

Dispvtationis Philosophicae De Definiendis Ivstis Partivm Philosophiae Practicae Limitibvs Pars Prior, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1764) [Praeses: Wilhelm Ernst Christiani, Respondent: Jakob Podwisozki): Digital Version

Dissertatio Inauguralis, Quae, Exposita, Librorum Ecclesiae Nostrae, Qui Dicuntur, Symbolicorum, Natura Et Ad Rem Christianam Vera Ratione In Quaestionem Inquirit: Num Hi Libri Hac Nostra Aetate E Re Christiana Sint Tollendi?, (Kiel: Bartsch, 1787): Digital Version


Ego-Documents and Biographical Materials:

Nachrichten von Wilhelm Ernst Christiani's Leben und Schriften: Nebst seinem Bildnisse, (Kiel: Mohr, 1797): Digital Version

Manuscript Sources

Direct Personal Connections:

1761, Johann Michael Schwaniz, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1761, Amandus Christian Dorn, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1761, Karl Friedrich Winkler, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1765, Johann Wilhelm Gadendam, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1770, Andreas Weber, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1770, Johann Heinrich Fricke, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1773, Johann Dietrich Mellmann, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1775, Adolf Friedrich Trendelenburg, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1776, Martin Ehlers, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1776, Johann Daniel Heinrich Musäus, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1776, Johan Christian Majer, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1780, Dietrich Hermann Hegewisch, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1783, Johann Georg Wiggers, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1784, Adolph Diederich Weber, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1791, Johann Heinrich Meyer, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
1793, Karl Heinrich Reinhold, Kiel [Colleague at Kiel University ]
Mikkel Munthe Jensen, Last Update:  17.03.2021